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GB Standards in China: What Exporters Must Know

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Before you export to China, it’s important that you make sure that your products meet local Chinese regulations and standards.

This is mandatory before you can even clear the customs and sell the products to local consumers.

If you don’t have the certificates and documents needed, you’ll risk that the customs seize your goods, get heavy fines or get kicked out of the Chinese market.

In this article I explain about GB standards, what these are, why you need to comply with them and more.

What are GB Standards?

GB is an abbreviation of Guobiao (国标) which translates to ‘National Standards’ in Chinese.

The standards are used for all kinds of products and most of them have derived from the ISO standards we use in the West.

This is good for one reason:

As your products already comply with ISO standards used in the West, there’s a big chance you’ll have less issue to meet the local GB standards.

For some products, especially those that are edible, used by humans (like cosmetics) or have that an impact on the safety, more and stricter GB-standards apply.

Not only are the standards used for the product quality, but also for labelling, usage, storage and more. For example, if you want to export wine to China, there are specific GB-standards explaining how the bottles should be labelled.

Information required on the label, according to the GB labelling standard, can be to show:

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Lab Testing Requirements When Exporting to China

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Laboratory testing is not the only way but the most popular way to be sure that your product is compliant with all applicable regulations – and, the most direct and clear way to prove that to be the case to the CIQ in China

In this Q&A with Amanda Lau of CIRS in Hangzhou, you will learn the following:

  • For which products lab testing in China is mandatory
  • When you need to use an accredited laboratory
  • If you can test your product abroad (or only in China)
  • Other mandatory documents when selling to China

Amanda, please introduce yourself and what you do at CIRS in Hangzhou

I am working as technical support engineer for a CIRS affiliate called C&K Testing lab. I joined in the testing lab back in 2014.

I studied Chinese consumer products laws, regulations, standards and other requirements for more than 3 years, giving technical advices and solutions to my colleagues and our customers.

I also provide our customers with trainings regarding to related Chinese compliance requirements.

Is lab testing generally mandatory when exporting to, or selling in, China?

All products placed on [export to] the market for sale in China must comply with Chinese standard, taking them to a lab and get tested will be a direct way to demonstrate the compliance. Continue Reading →

How to Export Meat Products into China: The Ultimate Guide

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Many foreigners want to export meat products to China, it’s not strange as meat products is in big demand, and some of the most imported products from overseas.

For example, imports of beef and veal increased more than 10 times(!) between 2012-2017, this number just speaks for itself. But I think we can both agree that it’s not easy to know where to start, with the wanting information out there.

Even if Europeans and Aussie’s have exported beef for years, China has lifted sanctions on beef imports from the US, that was put in place since 2003.

So: the race for American beef exporters, to grasp market shares in China, have just started.

Import regulations are stricter for meat products

As meat products are perishable and consumed by humans, stricter import regulations and packaging requirements apply.

It’s important that you study the complete exporting procedure beforehand, to avoid costly and time consuming mistakes.

Therefore, I’ve written this complete guide that helps you to learn all the important information you need to know before exporting meat products into China.

What meat products are in big demand in China?

First, it’s good that you get a general knowledge of the local demand of meat products.

Below I’ve included the domestic demand for each meat product:

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CIQ & Food Packaging Labels in China: A Complete Guide

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It’s always challenging, but exciting to take on a new market when exporting products.

Questions you might ask yourself are: How should I market the products, how should I price the products and what packaging should I use?

An equally important question is: What quality regulations do I need to comply with?

In fact, Chinese inspection authorities has stated that noncompliant labels is one of the biggest reasons for filing noncompliance reports.

The main duties of CIQ

CIQ operates at the Chinese harbors and airports, controlling packaging and labelig of goods that’s both leaving or entering the country.

It’s the authority that can reject your products from being imported into China. Therefore, you should confirm whether your products need CIQ labels, before you start exporting into China.

In this article, I explain the details you need to know about CIQ stickers & food packaging labels required when exporting into China.

What is a CIQ label?

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Products Covered Under CIQ in China: A Complete Guide

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One of the most common questions I get regarding CIQ is what products are affected by CIQ when exporting products into China. And what you should prepare as an exporter, to meet the requirements of CIQ.

In fact, the information you find on the internet about CIQ is a bit vague and most websites only write about the organization itself, but not the practical information that you need to know as an exporter.

I think we can both agree that what’s most important for you is to learn how to get started, rather than information when CIQ was established.

Therefore, I’ve written this article explaining what products are covered under the CIQ.

What is a CIQ import license?

Let me explain this briefly first:

A CIQ import license will show that your products have been tested, meet Chinese standards and that you’re eligible to import your products into China.

This is not unique for China, but similar requirements apply in other countries.

Products that require a CIQ import license

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Cost for CCC Certification in China: The Definitive Guide

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Many SME’s get overwhelmed by all the acronyms that are used when doing some research about the standards required. The CCC mark is not an exception.

Not only do they ask about what products that need the CCC mark. The 3 most common questions asked about the CCC certificate are:

  • How much does it cost to get the CCC?
  • How much time does it take?
  • Can I do it myself?

Therefore, I’ve dedicated a complete article where I answer to these questions.

How much does it cost to get a CCC certification?

The answer to this question differ, depending on what products you want to sell in China. It also depends if you want to hire a professional company.

In total, you should expect that the complete CCC certification process can cost you thousands of dollars.

To start with, let’s have a look at the different things that will bring you a cost when applying for CCC.

Costs to CNCA and other involved Chinese authorities

  • Application fee for CCC
  • Fees for product testing
  • Initial and following inspections
  • Travelling and other costs for the persons auditing your manufacturing facility
  • Fees charged by CNCA to let you print/mark your products with the CCC

Cost to hire a translator (if needed

  • Salary (paid on an hourly basis, as a fixed fee or included in whole package)
  • Traveling costs
  • Cost for accommodation and relevant expenses incurred during the trip

The cost to hire a translator is not high in comparison to the total CCC certification. Therefore, I will not cover this cost in this article.

These costs are often absorbed by your consulting company, as they have personnel working with translation.

Costs paid to a consulting company

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Products That Need CCC Certification in China: A Complete Guide

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As I’ve explained in my guide about the CCC mark, a vast number of products need to be certified with the CCC mark, before you start exporting to China.

However, many business owners still have questions related to if their products really need this quality mark. They also don’t know how much it cost to get a CCC certification.

So how can I determine whether my products need to obtain the CCC?

First of all, to get the CCC, your products must comply with a number of GB standards.

GB-standards (called Guobiao standards) which literally means “national standards” in Chinese have derived mostly from Western ISO-standards.

The same as it goes in Europe, you firstly need to comply with a number of ISO-standards, before your products can be CE-certified.

In this article, I won’t cover the GB standards in detail, I just want you to understand how the system is built up, as it can be difficult to comprehend with all the abbreviations.

Instead, I will explain more about the products that need the CCC mark.

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CIQ – China Inspection and Quarantine: The Definitive Guide

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Exporting to China is not always an easy task, especially if you’re a beginner, planning to export for the first time.

One of the biggest and most costly issues exporters experience is that their products get stuck at the customs, or sent back, as they don’t comply with local CIQ regulations.

CIQ is the organ that can reject imports of your products to China, if you don’t comply with the standards required.

The most preventive way is to apply for a CIQ declaration, before you even export your products to China, as it can save you much time, money and minimize risks.  

In this article, I explain all the essentials you need to know about CIQ when exporting to China.

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CCC – China Compulsory Certification: A Complete Guide

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China has been the major exporter the past years, but times are changing. Nowadays, it’s becoming increasingly popular to export commodities to the Chinese market.

However; as an exporter, you should beware that different product regulations apply in China. And certification requirement is one of the most critical items to confirm prior to exportation.

You’ve probably heard about CE and FCC (in the US), these standards are the most comprehensive worldwide. Less people have heard about China’s equivalent.

In this article, I explain everything you need to know about China’s own certification mark, the CCC-mark, that complies to a majority of products sold in China.

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AQSIQ in China: What Exporters Must Know

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In recent years, China has implemented stricter import regulations due to various reasons. The increased number of imported goods, domestic scandals and adoptions of Western standards are just some of them.

It’s important as an exporter to have a sufficient knowledge about governing organs, that introduce new regulations and standard. But, the truth is that many foreign exporters have a little or no knowledge about them.

In this article, I present one of the biggest quality management institute in China you should know about -AQSIQ.

What is AQSIQ?

AQSIQ is an abbreviation that derives from The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and grants approval for imports of a wide range of products.

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