• How to Get an Import License in China: A Complete Guide

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    Before you start exporting to China, you must know whether you need to apply for an import license.

    Without an import license, you face the risk of not passing the customs clearance, which can be both time-consuming and costly. Even if applications for import licenses can be done fairly quickly, you should know in advance what an import license is and how to get one.

    In this article, I explain all the relevant details you have to know about import licenses in China.

    Topics covered:

    • What is an import license?
    • Which authority handles applications for import licenses in China?
    • What is an automatic import license?
    • What products need import licenses?
    • When should I apply for an automatic import license?
    • What information should be included on the automatic import license?
    • China Import License Application
    • FAQ

    What is an import license?

    Import licenses also referred to as non-automatic import licenses, are used to keep control of imported products and the import quotas.

    The license is used as a non-tariff barrier and for countries that simply wants to protect the local economy and producers, restricting the amount of products that are imported.

    Worth mentioning is that there’s a limited amount of import licenses and your Chinese importer has one prior to exportation.

    Which authority handles applications for import licenses in China?

    You should apply for your import license to MOFCOM (the Ministry of Commerce).

    The authority is responsible for issuing new regulations related to foreign direct investments, exports, imports, and trade.

    Keep in mind that your importer should manage the application to receive an import license. As such, be sure to discuss with your partner beforehand to confirm what’s needed.

    The form should also be signed and stamped by a legal representative upon submission. Besides, you should include your organization code certificate along with the application.

    When you’ve managed this part of the process, it’s time to bring a stamped copy of your business license to China’s Department of Commerce.

    What is an automatic import license?

    Most products are treated as ‘permitted goods’ and only need an automatic import license.

    So what’s the difference between a non-automatic import license and an automatic import license?

    While non-automatic import licenses are used to control the import quotas (volumes) of products, for example, an automatic import license is rather used as a tool for trade statistics.

    Still, some products that only require an automatic import license are monitored (like poultry) and therefore need additional licensing.

    Once you’ve managed to get an automatic import license, you’ll have no restrictions to the number of import licenses you can receive, you just need to apply for it continuously.

    Each automatic import license can be used for a time period of 6 months, and normally for imports of one batch.

    Sometimes, one license can be used for imports of several batches, and you’ll also be able to receive several import licenses, each time you apply for an automatic import license.

    import-license-china

    What products need import licenses?

    Products imported to China are divided into 4 different categories:

    • Permitted goods
    • Permitted goods that need to be monitored
    • Restricted goods
    • Prohibited goods

    Let’s have a look at each category and what license is required for each one of them.

    Permitted Goods

    Some products fall under the category of permitted goods and only need an automatic import license.

    Products that fall under this category include, for example:

    However, even if most products only need an automatic import license, some might be subject to monitoring and therefore need additional licensing.

    These can be:

    • Poultry
    • Vegetable oils
    • Wine
    • Electrical and mechanical products

    Contact your importer to confirm what license applies to your specific products.

    Restricted Goods

    Products covered under this category have import limitations due to quotas set by the government, hence a non-automatic license is required prior to importation.

    Products that are considered restricted include:

    • Electronic or mechanical products that have been used
    • Substances that squander the ozone layer
    • Food, fibre, and animal feed products that have some health risk

    Prohibited Goods

    Goods that fall under the category ‘prohibited products’ cannot be imported into China.

    Some products under this category include:

    • Arms, ammunition and explosives
    • Counterfeit currencies
    • Lethal poisons
    • Animals, food or plants coming from disease-stricken areas

    When should I apply for an automatic import license?

    You can apply for the automatic import license before the customs clearance. It normally takes up to 2 weeks before the application is processed and approved.

    Adding some extra time can be a wise choice to make sure that your products can pass the customs clearance timely.

    What information should be included on the automatic import license?

    Normally, the following information is included in the import license. Be sure to confirm with your importer and MOFCOM what exact information is needed as regulations are updated frequently.

    • Importer’s company name and company number
    • Consignee in China
    • Automatic import license number
    • Automatic import license expiry date
    • Terms of trade
    • Terms of foreign exchange
    • Place of clearance
    • Country/region of exportation
    • Country/region of origin
    • Use of goods
    • Description of goods and product code of goods
    • Specification, unit, quantity, unit price
    • Supplementary details
    • Issuing authority stamp (the stamp include the text “automatic import license” in Chinese and the city of issuance)

    China Import License Application

    If you want to apply for a Chinese import license, you can visit MOFCOM’s website and download the automatic import license application form.

    Generally, the importer helps with this part of the process and is responsible to fill out the form.

    Should I or the Chinese importer apply for an import license?

    As mentioned, normally your Chinese importer should send the application to MOFCOM. They will review and approve the application thereafter. With that said, you have to support the importer where needed.

    Keep in mind that there are agents that can assist with the application as well. These companies generally provide end-to-end solutions and help with customs registrations, to find a suitable bonded warehouse, and more.

    How much does it cost for an automatic license?

    It doesn’t cost anything and you can apply for an automatic import license for free. This is beneficial, of course, as this part of the process won’t incur any costs.

    FAQ

    Below I have included some commonly asked questions and our replies. If you have any other concerns or questions, feel free to write a comment below or send us an email.

    Do I need an export license to ship to China?

    It depends. Most products don’t need import licenses and some only need automatic import licenses. With that said, restricted goods need non-automatic import licenses.

    For how long is an automatic license valid?

    Automatic import licenses are valid for 6 months each. Each license should be used for one batch of products. However, exporters can also receive import licenses in multiples and one license can sometimes be used for as many as sixth batches.

    Non-automatic licenses, on the other hand, are generally valid for one year.

    Which authorities issue the lists of products that need import licenses?

    AQSIQ, GAC, and MOFCOM issue a catalog annually that lists the products which need import licenses.

    Conclusion

    If you plan to export products to China, you sometimes need to apply for an automatic import license.

    Compared to a non-automatic import license, which is required for a few product categories, most products fall under the category “permitted goods”, and therefore only need an automatic import license.

    Worth mentioning is that non-automatic import licenses are used to restrict import quotas, while automatic import licenses are merely used for trade statistics.

    Your Chinese importer should apply for the automatic import license, this can be done for free and it normally takes up to 2 weeks for MOFCOM (the Ministry of Commerce) to review and approve the application.


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  • 13 Responses to “How to Get an Import License in China: A Complete Guide

    1. Christina Lovejoy at 10:32 pm

      Hello Marcus, Thank you for this very helpful guide to Chinese Import Licenses. I need to import Glass beads from Austria into China to be made into finished product and then shipped from China to the USA for retail. What is the best kind of import license for this type of importing / exporting?

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 5:45 am

        Hello Christina,

        I can only reply to import licenses used for imports into China (keep in mind that an export license might be needed in Austria, before exporting to China).

        It sounds like your products are covered under permitted goods, hence you should need an automatic import license.

        But it’s important that you consult with your Chinese importer as well. Have you had any contact with them regaring this matter? (they are responsible to apply for the import license).

        Is the glass beads produced in Austria, or imported from somewhere else? Keep in mind that an import license might be required in the US for your specific products.

    2. Tina at 8:09 am

      As the china government institutional reform,the overseas company want export meat to china still need apply the approve by china State administration for market regulation,the overseas approve will be divided into two distinct parts,one is for documents inception, another is go to the overseas factory do the inception, there are much mor detail in http://english.aqsiq.com/list.php?fid=77

    3. Favio at 4:32 pm

      hi All,

      In our case we need to export finished wood fornitures to china, do we need some special license? the importer are seeking more information and this would be needed before any action. I will appreciate if you have more information about this items specifically.

      My best regards,
      favio.torresv@gmail.com

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 3:44 am

        Hello Favio,

        Yes, normally you need to seek special permissions when importing wooden products. This is an issue exporters often unexpectedly need to deal with when using wooden crates/packaging for example, even if the product itself is not made of wood.

    4. Kim Ponting at 3:29 pm

      Hi Marcus

      We are an Australian company. We have a glass baby bottle made and manufactured in China. A component of the bottle is the natural rubber teat made in Malaysia. We are wanting to import the teat into China for packaging with glass and distributed to Europe and South Korea. What licence is required and do I need to apply of the Chinease company making the glass component ?

      Thankyou in advance.

    5. Eddie Wearing at 11:43 am

      Hi Marcus

      I am importing personal items that are not for resale.

      Do I still need to get a licence?

      All the best

      Eddie Wearing

      1. Marcus Sohlberg at 1:51 am

        Hi Eddie,

        When you say personal items, do you mean that the clients import via the personal parcel route? If you sell via cross-border e-commerce, which it sounds like you do, import licenses are generally not needed.

    6. Kumar at 6:02 am

      Dear Sir,

      What is full form or meaning of SIF license in export import?

    7. Prity Saraswati at 10:45 pm

      Hi Marcus,

      I am looking into importing sugar to Qingdao. Can we use this automatic import license ?

      And do you facilitate a project with their import needs as well ?

      Looking forward for hearing from you.

    8. Thabo at 1:53 pm

      Hi Marcus
      We intend to Export Animal Feed to China . According to your site it is classified as restricted goods .so who’s responsibility to arrange for the Import permit in China ?

    9. Ksenija at 8:54 am

      Hi Marcus,

      We are interested to export feed additives to China Mainland.
      According to your knowledge do we need automatic import licence or

      Looking forward for hearing from you.

    10. Patricia Hearwood at 10:43 am

      Hi Marcus

      How can I find out what products are listed on the probited list, is there a link?
      Is an an import license trequired to import flints into China from Austrial?

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